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The Turkish Personal Data Protection Authority Published the Guidelines on the Right to be Forgotten

Data Protection | Articles

The Turkish Personal Data Protection Authority Published the Guidelines on the Right to be Forgotten

The Guidelines on the Right to be Forgotten (“Guidelines”) has been published on the Personal Data Protection Authority’s (“DPA”) official website on October 20, 2021. The right to be forgotten concerns the right to request the removal of access to personal data. In fact, the right to be forgotten is associated with the right to protect the honour of an individual by restraining access to the personal data of an individual by third parties.

The TCA to Promote Competition in Digital Markets: An Analysis in light of G7’s Compendium

Competition Law | Articles

The TCA to Promote Competition in Digital Markets: An Analysis in light of G7’s Compendium

Since the use of digital platforms within daily life and the context of work is on the rise, the competition authorities are focusing more and more on the competitive issues and market failures in digital markets. With the rapid growth of digital markets, each and every day competition regulations confront with grey areas where national competition authorities are faced with sui generis issues.

The Turkish Competition Authority Fines Ice Cream Supplier for Exclusivity Practices (Unilever/Algida)

Competition Law | Articles

The Turkish Competition Authority Fines Ice Cream Supplier for Exclusivity Practices (Unilever/Algida)

The Turkish Competition Authority’s (“TCA”) reasoned decision dated 18.03.2021 and numbered 21-15/190-80, whereby it has decided to impose an administrative fine amounting to TRY 480,217,217 (EUR 77,624,758) on Unilever Sanayi ve Ticaret Türk A.Ş. (“Unilever”) for violation of Article 4 and Article 6 of the Law No. 4054 on the Protection of Competition (“Competition Law”) was published on the TCA’s website on May 20, 2021 . Unilever was found to be in violation due to abuse of its dominant position in the industrial ice cream market by exclusionary practices and the non-compete obligation imposed on Getir Perakende Lojistik A.Ş. (“Getir”), an e-commerce customer of Unilever.

The TCA’s Tough Stance towards Information Exchange through Associations of Undertakings

Competition Law | Articles

The TCA’s Tough Stance towards Information Exchange through Associations of Undertakings

The sharing of commercially sensitive information amongst competitors is categorized as information exchange, which may affect their decision-making processes and ultimately affect competition. Professional societies are considered associations of undertakings and information exchange through an association of undertakings is usually subject to Article 4 of Law No. 4054 on the Protection of Competition (“Competition Law”). That being said, the Turkish Competition Authority (“TCA”) may exempt this kind of information exchange from the application of Article 4 in cases where the conditions set out in Article 5 of the Competition Law are satisfied.

The TCA’s Decision Regarding the Turkish Pharmacists Association Has Been Overturned

Competition Law | Articles

The TCA’s Decision Regarding the Turkish Pharmacists Association Has Been Overturned

With the recent decision given by the 13th Chamber of the Council of State on 24 May 2021, the administrative fine given to the Turkish Pharmacists Association (“TPA”) by the Turkish Competition Authority (“TCA”) on the grounds that some of its decisions and practices violated Article 4 of Law No. 4054 on the Protection of Competition (“Competition Law”) was annulled. The decision, which was rendered at the end of an administrative judicial process that lasted many years, also included determinations regarding the jurisdiction of the TCA. This article discusses the process and results of that decision.

The Turkish Competition Authority Cleared the Merger Transaction Between FCA and PSA, But Subject to Conditions…

Competition Law | Articles

The Turkish Competition Authority Cleared the Merger Transaction Between FCA and PSA, But Subject to Conditions…

In the previous days, the Turkish Competition Authority (“TCA”) has published its reasoned decision in which it conditionally cleared the merger transaction , which is planned to be made through the incorporation of Fiat Chrysler Automobiles N.V. (“FCA”) and Peugeot S.A. (“PSA”) into FCA. In this regard, especially two points has aroused curiosity: (i) what would be the competitive concerns that may arise after the transaction is realized and (ii) how the commitments submitted by the transaction parties found sufficient in order to eliminate the relevant competitive concerns? Let’s have a look at these questions’ answers together within this article.

Turkish Competition Authority Has Published Its Long-awaited Reason of the Google Adwords Decision

Competition Law | Articles

Turkish Competition Authority Has Published Its Long-awaited Reason of the Google Adwords Decision

In the previous days, the Turkish Competition Authority (“TCA”) has published its reasoned decision regarding the investigation conducted against Google . The decision comprises of the TCA’s assessments as to whether Google had abused its dominant position, in violation of Article 6 of the Law No. 4054 on Protection of Competition (“Competition Law”), through complicating its competitors’ activities by means of its algorithm updates related to general search services and Adwords advertisements.

Turkish Competition Authority Has Published the Preliminary Report on the E-Marketplace Sector Inquiry: Legislation is Around the Corner

Competition Law | Articles

Turkish Competition Authority Has Published the Preliminary Report on the E-Marketplace Sector Inquiry: Legislation is Around the Corner

Recent developments in digitalization have triggered the Turkish Competition Authority (“TCA”) to scrutinize more closely e-marketplace business models. The TCA has carried out a sector inquiry on e-marketplaces for this purpose and a preliminary report (“Report”) has been published on the official website of the TCA on May 7, 2021, in which a wide range of comprehensive analyses are included as to the operation of e-marketplaces in Turkey.

Rekabet Hukukunda Geçici Tedbir Kararlarının Yükselişi

Competition Law | News

Rekabet Hukukunda Geçici Tedbir Kararlarının Yükselişi

Caner Çeşit ve Mustafa Ayna'nın 24.03.2021 tarihinde İstanbul Bilgi Üniversitesi - Rekabet Hukuku Merkezi, Uygulamalı Rekabet Hukuku Seminerleri 2021 bahar dönemi programı kapsamında sunduğu "Rekabet Hukukunda Geçici Tedbir Kararlarının Yükselişi: Dijitalizasyon ve Pandeminin Etkileri" başlıklı tebliğin video kaydı yayınlandı.

Competition Problems in Distribution Networks: The Turkish Competition Authority Involved with a Heavy Hand

Competition Law | Articles

Competition Problems in Distribution Networks: The Turkish Competition Authority Involved with a Heavy Hand

Electricity is an indispensable product for end-users and the electricity market has a sophisticated market structure. In the past, the generation, transmission, distribution, and retail operations of electricity were all done on public property, in a vertically integrated structure. Turkish electricity market had gone through a difficult liberalization process towards a competitive market. This process, which picked up speed in 2001 with the entry into force of the Electricity Market Law No. 4628, moved to another stage with the Electricity Market Law No. 6446, which came into force in 2013.

The Turkish Competition Authority Publishes the 2021 Effect Analysis Report

Competition Law | Articles

The Turkish Competition Authority Publishes the 2021 Effect Analysis Report

Competition authorities conduct various studies to demonstrate the economic effects of their activities as well as to evaluate the appropriateness of the decisions they make in accordance with the principles of transparency and accountability. Within this framework, such studies are also conducted by the Turkish Competition Authority (“TCA”). These studies, the first of which was published in 2017 and covered the three-year period between 2014 and 2016, are carried out by the Economic Analysis and Research Department and includes evaluations regarding the estimation of the measurable economic effects of the TCA’s decisions on consumer benefits.

The Turkish Competition Authority’s M&A Overview Report for 2020 Has Been Published

Competition Law | Articles

The Turkish Competition Authority’s M&A Overview Report for 2020 Has Been Published

The Turkish Competition Authority’s (“TCA“) Mergers and Acquisitions Overview Report for 2020 (“Report“) has been published at the TCA’s official website on March 5, 2021. The Report provides an overview of the TCA’s activities in terms of merger control in 2020 and includes statistical information on the merger control filings by also making a comparison between 2020 and previous years. The Report mainly aims to provide a brief summary of the developments in 2020 with regards to M&A transactions.

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